The logarithm of 5x is denoted by log(5x) and its derivative is 1/x if the base is e. Here we will learn how to find the derivative of log(5x) with any base. The below methods will be used:

- Implicit function differentiation
- First principle of derivatives
- Chain rule of derivatives.

Table of Contents

## Derivative of log 5x Formula

The derivative of log 5x with base a is equal to 1/(x ln a). So the derivative of log 5x is 1/(x log_{e}10) if the default base is 10.

The formulae for the derivatives of log 5x with different bases are given in the table below:

Log Functions | Derivative |
---|---|

log_{a} 5x | 1/(x log_{e}a) |

log_{10} 5x | 1/(x log_{e}10) |

log_{e} 5x | 1/x |

## Derivative of ln 5x

The natural logarithm of 5x is the logarithm of 5x with base e, and it is denoted by ln(5x). Let us now find its derivative.

**Question:** What is the Derivative of ln 5x?

*Answer:* The derivative of ln 5x is 1/x.

**Proof:**

Note that ln 5x = log_{e} 5x |

∴ d/dx(ln 5x) = d/dx(log_{e} 5x) |

As we know that d/dx(log_{a} 5x)= 1/(x log_{e} a), we get |

d/dx(log_{e} 5x) = 1/(x log_{e} e) = 1/x as ln e =1. |

∴ The derivative of ln 5x is 1/x. |

## What is the Derivative of log 5x?

**Answer:** The derivative of log_{a}(5x) is 1/(x log_{e}a).

*Proof:* We will use the implicit function differentiation method.

Let y = log_{a}5x.

By the properties of logarithms, we have

a^{y }= 5x

Differentiating both sides with respect to x, we get that

a^{y} log_{e}a $\frac{dy}{dx}$ = 5

⇒ 5x log_{e}a $\frac{dy}{dx}$ = 5 as we know $a^{\log_a {5x}}=5x$

⇒ $\frac{dy}{dx}$ = 1/(x log_{e}a).

This shows that the derivative of log_{a} 5x is 1/(x log_{e}a), obtained by the implicit differentiation method.

## Derivative of log 5x from First Principle

The derivative of a function f(x) by the first principle is given by the following limit:

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(f(x))$ $=\lim\limits_{h \to 0}\dfrac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

Put f(x) = log_{a}5x.

So the derivative of log_{a}5x using the first principle is

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(\log_a 5x)$ $=\lim\limits_{h \to 0}\dfrac{\log_a 5(x+h)- \log_a 5x}{h}$

$=\lim\limits_{h \to 0}\dfrac{\log_a \frac{5x+5h}{5x}}{h}$ by the logarithm rule $\log_a x -\log_a y$ $=\log_a \frac{x}{y}$

$=\lim\limits_{h \to 0}\dfrac{\log_a \left(1+\frac{h}{x} \right)}{h}$

$=\lim\limits_{h \to 0}\dfrac{\log_a \left(1+\frac{h}{x} \right)}{h/x}$ $\times \dfrac{1}{x}$

[Let t=h/x. Then t→0 as h→0]

$=\dfrac{1}{x}\lim\limits_{t \to 0}\dfrac{\log_a \left(1+t \right)}{t}$

$=\dfrac{1}{x} \times \log_e a$ as the limit of log_{a}(1+t) / t is log_{e}a when t→0.

$=\dfrac{1}{x\log_e a}$

Thus, the derivative of log of 5x with base a is 1/(x log_{e}a) and this is obtained from the first principle of derivatives.

## Derivative of log 5x by Chain Rule

Let f=log_{a} 5x and u = 5x.

∴ df/dx = d/dx(log_{a} 5x)

By the chain rule of derivatives, we have

df/dx = d/du(log_{a }u) × du/dx

= 1/(u log_{e}a) × 5

= 1/(5x log_{e}a) × 5 as u=5x

= 1/(x log_{e}a)

So the derivative of log 5x with base a is 1/(x log_{e}a) which is achieved by the chain rule of differentiation. Putting a=e, we get the derivative of natural log of 5x which is d/dx(log_{e} 5x) = 1/x as we know that log_{e}e = 1.

## FAQs on Derivative of log 5x

**Q1: What is the derivative of log 5x?**

Answer: The derivative of log 5x is 1/x if the base is e.

**Q2: What is the derivative of log 5x with base a?**

Answer: The derivative of log_{a} 5x is 1/(x log_{e}a) if the base is a.

**Q3: What is the derivative of ln 5x (natural logarithm of 5x)?**

Answer: The derivative of ln 5x is 1/x.

This article is written by Dr. T. Mandal, Ph.D in Mathematics. On Mathstoon.com you will find Maths from very basic level to advanced level. Thanks for visiting.