Factors of 3

Definition of factors of 3: If a number completely divides 3 with the remainder zero, then that number is called a factor of 3.

By the above definition, we can say that the factors of 3 are the divisors of 3. In this section, we will learn about the factors of 3 and the prime factors of 3.

Also Read: Basic concepts of factors

Highlights of Factors of 3

  • 3=1×3 is the prime factorization of 3.
  • The factors of 3 are 1 and 3.
  • The only prime factor of 3 is 3.
  • Negative factors of 3 are –1 and –3.

What are the factors of 3?

To get the factors of 3 we need to first write the number 3 multiplicatively in all possible ways. Note that we have:

3 = 1×3 

This is the only way we can express 3 multiplicatively. Therefore the factors of 3 in pairs are given as follows:

3 = a×b Factors in Pairs (a,b)
3 = 1×3  (1, 3)

Thus the only pair factor of 3 is (1, 3). We know that all the numbers appearing in pair factors are the factors of 3. So we conclude that

The factors of 3 are:

1 and 3.

Number of factors of 3

From above we have calculated the factors of which are 1 and 3. Thus the total number of factors of 3 is two.

Prime Factors of 3

Note that the factors of 3 are 1 and 3. Among those factors, we observe that only 3 is a prime number as it does not have any proper divisors.

∴ the only prime factor of 3 is the number 3 itself.

Question: What are the factors of 3?

Video Solution: 


Is 3 a Prime Number?

As the factors of 3 are 1 and the number 3 itself, by the definition of prime numbers, we can say that 3 is a prime number.

Conclusion: 3 is a prime number.


How to find factors of 3?

Now we will determine the factors of 3 by division method. In this method, we will find the numbers that can divide 3 with no remainder. See that

3/1=3 and the remainder is 0. 1 and 3 are factors of 3.

Note that no numbers other than the numbers in violet color can divide 3. So the numbers in violet color, that is, 1 and 3 are the complete list of factors of 3.