A field is an integral domain, but the converse is not true. In this post, we will prove this fact. Before we prove, let us recall what are fields and integral domains.

Field: A field is a non-trivial commutative ring with unity where each non-zero element is a unit. For example, (ℝ, +, ⋅) is a field.Integral Domain: An integral domain is a non-trivial commutative ring with unity containing no zero divisors. For example, (ℝ, +, ⋅) is an integral domain. |

Table of Contents

## Prove that a Field is an Integral Domain

**Proof:**

Let F be a field. So F is a nontrivial commutative ring with unity. We will show that F is an integral domain, that is, it does not contain zero divisors.

Let a ∈ F be non-zero. Then as F is a field, its multiplicative inverse a^{-1} exists in F and we have that

a⋅a^{-1} = a^{-1}⋅a = 1.

We claim that a is not a zero divisor. If possible assume that a is so. Thus there exists b ∈ F such that

a⋅b = 0

⇒ a^{-1}⋅(a⋅b) = a^{-1}⋅0

⇒ (a^{-1}⋅a)⋅b = 0 as the multiplication is associative.

⇒ 1⋅b = 0

⇒ b = 0

Hence, a is not a left divisor of zero. Similarly, we can show that a is not a right divisor of zero. In other words, a is not a zero divisor.

So F contains no zero divisors.

As F is a nontrivial commutative ring with unity having no zero divisors, we conclude that F is an integral domain. This proves that every field is an integral domain.

## But the Converse is not True

An integral domain need not be a field.

For example, the ring (ℤ, +, ⋅) is an integral domain, but it is not a field.

**Related Topics:** Introduction to Ring Theory

Idempotent and Nilpotent Elements

Prove that Every Finite Integral Domain is a Field

## FAQs

**Q1: A field is an integral domain, true or false?**

Answer: True. A field is always an integral domain.

This article is written by Dr. T. Mandal, Ph.D in Mathematics. On Mathstoon.com you will find Maths from very basic level to advanced level. Thanks for visiting.