Derivative of Cube Root of x

Derivative of x1/3. In this article, we will find the derivative of the cube root of x by applying the power rule of derivatives. We will also use the limit definition to evaluate the derivative of the cube root of x.

What is the derivative of cube root of x?

First Method of Finding Derivative of Cube Root of x: At first, we will calculate the derivative of cube root x by the power rule of derivatives. See the below steps.

Step 1: We rewrite the cube root of x using the rule of indices.
\[\sqrt[3]{x}=x^{1/3}\]

Step 2: Now apply the following power rule of derivatives:

\[\frac{d}{dx}(x^n)=nx^{n-1}.\]

Therefore, we get that

$\frac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{x})$ $=\frac{d}{dx}(x^{1/3})$ $=\frac{1}{3}x^{1/3-1}$ $\cdots (*)$

Step 3: Finally, simplify the above expression. Thus from $(*)$ we have

$\therefore \dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{x})=\dfrac{1}{3}x^{-2/3}$

$=\dfrac{1}{3} \times \dfrac{1}{x^{2/3}}$

$=\dfrac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$

So the derivative of the cube root of $x$ is $\frac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$, that is,

\[\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{x})=\dfrac{1}{3x^{2/3}}.\]

Also Read:

Derivative of sin 3x : The derivative of sin 3x is 3cos 3x.
Derivative of loge 3x : The derivative of loge 3x is 1/x.
Derivative of esin x: The derivative of esin x is cos x esin x.

Second Method of Finding Derivative of Cube Root of x: In the second method on how to calculate the derivative of the cube root of x, we will use the substitution method. Let $y=\sqrt[3]{x}.$ Taking cubes on both sides, we get that

$y^3=x$

Differentiating both sides with respect to $x$, we obtain that

$3y^2 \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{dx}{dx}=1$

$\Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{1}{3y^2}$

$\Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{1}{3(\sqrt[3]{x})^2}$ $[\because y=\sqrt[3]{x}]$

$\Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{1}{3(x^{1/3})^2}$

$\Rightarrow \dfrac{dy}{dx}=\dfrac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$

In other words, $\frac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{x})$ $=\frac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$. So the derivative of third root of $x$ is $\frac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$.

 

Also Read: Derivative of Square Root of x

 

Now, we will find the derivative of cube root of $x$ by the first principle.

Derivative of cube root of x from first principle

Let $f(x)=\sqrt{x}.$ We need to find the derivative of $f(x).$ From first principle of derivatives, we have

$\frac{d}{dx}(f(x)) = \lim\limits_{h \to 0}\frac{f(x+h)-f(x)}{h}$

$=\lim\limits_{h \to 0} \dfrac{\sqrt[3]{x+h}-\sqrt[3]{x}}{h}$ $\cdots (i)$

We will multiply both numerator and denominator by $\sqrt[3]{x+h}^2 + \sqrt[3]{x+h}\sqrt[3]{x}$ $+\sqrt[3]{x}^2$. Doing so and applying the formula of a3-b3 = (a-b)(a2-ab+b2), the numerator becomes

$(\sqrt[3]{x+h}-\sqrt[3]{x})$ $(\sqrt[3]{x+h}^2 + \sqrt[3]{x+h}\sqrt[3]{x}$ $+\sqrt[3]{x}^2)$

$=\sqrt[3]{x+h}^3- \sqrt[3]{x}^3$

$=x+h-x=h$

Myltiplying the numerator and the denominator of $(i)$ by the above quantity, we get that

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(f(x))$

$=\lim\limits_{h \to 0} {\small \dfrac{h}{h(\sqrt[3]{x+h}^2 + \sqrt[3]{x+h}\sqrt[3]{x}+\sqrt[3]{x}^2)} }$

$=\lim\limits_{h \to 0} {\small\dfrac{1}{\sqrt[3]{x+h}^2 + \sqrt[3]{x+h}\sqrt[3]{x}+\sqrt[3]{x}^2} }$

$=\dfrac{1}{\sqrt[3]{x+0}^2 + \sqrt[3]{x+0}\sqrt[3]{x}+\sqrt[3]{x}^2}$

$=\dfrac{1}{3\sqrt[3]{x}^2}$

$=\dfrac{1}{3(x^{1/3})^2}$

$=\dfrac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$

Thus, the derivative of the cube root of x is 1/3x2/3

Derivative of Cube Root x by Logarithmic Differentiation

Now, we will find the derivative of the cube root of x with the help of the logarithmic derivative. Note that cube root x can be written as x1/3. Write

y= x1/3

We will take natural logarithms on both sides (i.e, logarithm with base e, denoted by ln). Thus we get that

ln y = 1/3 ln x

Differentiating with respect to x, we have

$\frac{1}{y} \frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{1}{3} \cdot \frac{1}{x}$

⇒ $\frac{dy}{dx} =\frac{y}{3x}$ $= \frac{\sqrt[3]{x}}{3x}$ $=\frac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$.

Hence, by the logarithmic differentiation, the derivative of cube root x is $\frac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$.

 

Application of Derivative of cube root of x

From above we get the derivative of root $x$ which is given below.

$\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt{x})$ $=\dfrac{1}{3x^{2/3}}$ $\cdots (I)$

This will help us to find the derivatives of many functions involving cube roots by the chain rule of derivatives. At first, we will calculate the derivative of the cube root of x+2.

Example 1: Find $\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{x+2})$

Let $z=x+2$

∴ $\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{x+2})$ $=\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{z})$

$=\dfrac{d}{dz}(\sqrt[3]{z}) \cdot \dfrac{dz}{dx}$ (by the chain rule)

$=\dfrac{1}{3z^{2/3}} \cdot \dfrac{d}{dx}(x+2)$ by Equation (I)

$=\dfrac{1}{3z^{2/3}} \cdot 1$

$=\dfrac{1}{3(x+2)^{2/3}}$  $[\because z=x+2]$

 

Next, we will find the derivative of the cube root of ex, that is, the derivative of ex/3.

Example 2: Find $\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{e^x})$

Let $z=e^x$

∴ $\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{e^x})$ $=\dfrac{d}{dx}(\sqrt[3]{z})$

$=\dfrac{d}{dz}(\sqrt[3]{z}) \cdot \dfrac{dz}{dx}$ (by the chain rule)

$=\dfrac{1}{3z^{2/3}} \cdot \dfrac{d}{dx}(e^x)$ by Equation (I)

$=\dfrac{1}{3z^{2/3}} \cdot e^x$

$=\dfrac{1}{3e^{2x/3}}$  $[\because z=e^x]$

Back to HOME PAGE

FAQs on Derivative of Cube Root of x

Q1: What is the derivative of cube root of x?

Ans: The derivative of cube root of x is 1/3x2/3.

Q2: How a cube root of x defined?

Ans: A cube root of x is a number b such that b3 =x. Symbolically, a cube root of x can be written as $\sqrt[3]{x}$.